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History Dubrovnik

The habitation in Dubrovnik started dated back to the 7th century.  Residents of the Roman city Epidaurum fled to the safest place after barbarians wiped out them, which was a rocky islet separated from the mainland by a narrow channel. By the end of the 12th century Dubrovnik had become an important trading centre on the coast, providing an important link between the Mediterranean and Balkan states. From the hinterland, cattle and dairy products, wax, honey, timber, coal, silver, lead, copper and slaves were exported along with Dubrovnik products such as salt, cloth, wine, oil and fish. As the city grew increasingly prosperous it posed a threat to the other major commercial interest in the Adriatic - Venice. Dubrovnik came under Venetian authority in 1205 and remained under its control for 150 years.

By the 15th century 'Respublica Ragusina' - the Republic of Ragusa had extended its borders to include the entire coastal belt from Ston to Cavtat, having previously acquired Lastovo Island, the Pelje?ac Peninsula and Mljet Island. Centuries of peace and prosperity allowed art, science and literature to flourish. In the earthquake of 1667, most of the Renaissance art and architecture of city were destroyed and more than 5000 people's causality left the city, nothing but with the ruins.

Only the Sponza Palace and the Rector's Palace survived to give an idea of what Renaissance Dubrovnik must have looked like. The rebuilding of the city comes with the new baroque style with modest dwellings in rows and shops on the ground floor. The coup de grace was dealt by Napoleon whose troops entered Dubrovnik in 1806 and announced the end of the republic. The Vienna Congress of 1815 ceded Dubrovnik to Austria: where the city maintained its shipping but succumbed to social disintegration. It remained a part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until 1918 and then slowly began to develop its tourist industry.

When to go Dubrovnik

Starting from January, this month of Continent are pleasant with the sunny days but are not suitably warm to swim. February- It's still cold in most of Croatia but the energy level is definitely picking up. March - It's great outdoors weather along the Adriatic coast, especially for hiking although still too chilly to swim. April- Hardy souls can venture into the water in southern Dalmatia but it's a great month to visit Zagreb. May this is a delightful month to visit Croatia. It's usually warm enough to swim from one of Croatia's beaches and hordes of tourists haven't yet arrived. June- We is in prime coastal and island-hopping seasoning now and there are plenty of interesting cultural events.

Try the Festival of Contemporary Dance, Festival of Animated Film or Festival of Avant-garde Theatre in Zagreb or Evenings of Medieval Music in the churches of Rab. July is the tourist season is in full swing now as coastal resorts fill up and excursion boats leave the dock groaning with passengers. Summer music festivals swing into gear. August- Don't show up on a small island without a hotel reservation or you may find yourself on the next boat out. Busy, busy, busy along the coast but all is quiet in Zagreb. September- The tide of tourists has largely receded leaving the resorts quiet, if not completely empty.

The weather and sea are still warm and accommodation prices start to drop. October- The weather is turning cooler but it's often still possible to swim in southern Dalmatia. November- Both Zagreb and Dubrovnik have lively cultural scenes with a full range of classical and pop concerts. December- Hoteliers along the coast have long since closed up, readying their establishments for the next season's onslaught.

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Weather Dubrovnik

The Mediterranean climate of the Dubrovnik makes the city with soothing environment with many sunny days even in winter. Generally the winters are quite mild with average days fluctuating between 10?C (50?F) and 5?C (41?F), and minimal rainfall occurring on around half the days of the winter months. Summers are drier, with average temperatures hovering just below 30?C (86?F).

Arrival Dubrovnik

There are many ways to get in Dubrovnik. Visitors can get Dubrovnik from Zagreb by air, or by buses from all over the place, or by ferry from hvar, split, Zadar and Rijeka. Ferries are a more expensive but far more comfortable option than catching a bus. Buses must pass through border check-posts at Neum, where Bosnia-Hercegovina reaches the Adriatic coast, truncating Croatia's southern Adriatic coast from the rest of the country. Dubrovnik has a very pretty public transport system well limited to buses and taxis. Taxis are very expensive so it is better to opt for frequent and on time buses running in Dubrovnik. However, by far the best way to get around is under your own steam. So put your best foot forward or get your pedal-pushers on.

Best locations Dubrovnik

Visitors appreciate rich Ragusa's security after entering the Pile Gate when they cross over a drawbridge that was raised every night. There are two massive doors through the walls, an exterior door in a Renaissance style and a Gothic interior door topped by the statue of St Blaise, Dubrovnik's patron saint. Straight ahead is the town's main street, Placa or Stradun, Dubrovnik's most illustrious feature, punctuated by the clock tower at the end. Along this wide gleaming street lined with shops and caf?s, all Dubrovnik's processions take place. It's curious to note that it was actually a part of the sea until the 11th century when it was finally paved over. Right in front of the Pile Gate entrance is the circular Onofrio Fountain built in the 15th century and sporting 16 carved masks. Unlike the rest of Dalmatia, Dubrovnik citizens were not relegated to capturing rainwater; the fountain was connected by aqueduct with a spring 12km from town.

Opposite is the Franciscan Monastery with the restored sculpture of the Pieta over the entrance door. Inside are the Pharmacy dating from the 14th century and a gorgeous cloister also from the 14th century. Next to the monastery is the 16th-century St Saviour Church, one of the few Renaissance structures to survive the earthquake of 1667. There are often concerts and exhibitions here. Orlando Column on the eastern end of Stradun. It was carved in 1417 and has been a popular meeting place for almost six centuries. One of the best ways to get a feeling for Dubrovnik is to take a 2km walk around the city walls. Built in the 13th century and strengthened in the 14th and 15th century the walls are 25m high and up to 3m thick. As you look down at the town, notice the patchwork of colours formed by the red-roofs.

Nightlife Dubrovnik

One of the most attractive destinations of world, the city has the wild and adventurous place to go. Cafe Festival- Placa is one of the world's most beautiful streets and this cafe is the best place to kick back and enjoy the view. Just outside Pile Gate is Latino Club Fuego Starcevica 2 which plays a whole gamut of dance music to a young, fun crowd. Sv Dominika 2; this is a vast restaurant, nightclub, disco and cabaret complex that caters to high rollers. For the full throbbing disco experience, head to Exodus Iva Dulcica 39 in Babin KUK. Dance till you drop and then go crash on Copacabana beach. Buni?eva 2- This place has been the hippest bar in Dubrovnik for years, responsible for keeping the town's night-life from totally fizzling out. Night-life begins every night with sundown as people start walking up and back the Stradun (Placa) street, a kind of customary walk before the good times get rolling Pop music is an ever-present part of every European city so Dubrovnik is no exception. The way for popular music mostly ends up in Disco club Fuego and Capitano night bar. The latest addition to Dubrovnik's night scene is the super-slick Labirint Sv Domenika 2 with a casino, restaurant, disco and nightclub. Dress up.

City of destination Dubrovnik

Stari Grad is a marble paved square and most of the appeal of Dubrovnik lies in it. Its steep cobbled streets convents, tall houses, churches, places, museums and fountains all are cut from the same light-coloured stone. Although Dubrovnik was heavily shelled in 1991 and '92, it has been largely restored. Dubrovnik is another major centre, and is a thirteenth century walled city with many historic buildings. Dubrovnik's city walls were built between the 13th and 16th centuries, and are still intact today. Arguably the finest city walls in the world; they are 25m (82ft) high, with 16 towers. The city of Split dates back to the 3rd century and its ancient ruins are a popular attraction.

Split is the gateway to the Dalmatian coast and islands. Here you will find a beautiful Mediterranean climate, and picturesque coastal villages such as Palmizana, Rogoznica and Trogir. May to September is the best time to visit. The main language spoken is Croatian, and the currency is the Kuna. Sailing is a great way to explore the coast. In the Northern Adriatic you will find the Kvarner Islands, only recently opened up to tourists and still pleasantly quiet with many walking tracks and health spas making it an ideal relaxing retreat.