Geographically located in the dead centre of Spain and the Iberian Peninsula, 70 kilometres south of the capital of Madrid, is the city of Toledo.  The city was incorporated around the Tagus River, the longest river on the peninsula at 1,038 kilometres.  The Tagus and history of Toledo provides a unique look at the heart and soul of Spain.  The old section of Toledo as a whole was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1986.

The area known as Toledo was first inhabited during the end of the Bronze Age (7th century B.C.) due in part to the Tagus and its location.  During ancient Roman times, Toledo became a primary administrative and commercial city.  After the Roman Empire fell, Toledo was the capital city for the Visigoths and later the Moors.  The change in rule led to much strife among the citizens.  However, when Christians captured Toledo from the Moors, libraries and other works of recorded history were not damaged.  This allows a unique view into medieval times.  This cultural and architectural history secured Toledo as a favourite destination for tourists, receiving thousands of visitors each year.

Attractions from old Toledo include many places of worship; all well maintained even though the rule changed hands.  The Church of San Sebastian (Christian), Mosque of Cristo de la Luz (Muslim), and the Synagogue of Santa Maria la Blanca (Jewish) all attract visitors through today. The Gothic Cathedral, Galiana Palace, and Castillo de San Servando are among the several castles located in Toledo.  The most impressive structure in Toledo is the Alcazar, a stone fort which doubled as a royal palace.  Today, the Alcazar is home to a museum and extensive library.

The city of Toledo is served by Madrid-Barajas Airport (approximately 79 kilometres, which handles domestic and international flights).  Consider car hire at Madrid Airport in order to get to the capital or other areas around the capital.

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