The city grew with a small fishing village to an important walled town, under the Richard de Burgo, and captured territory from the local O'Flahertys in 1232. Galway became something of an outpost in Ireland's 'wild west'. In 1396, Richard II granted a charter to the city, effectively transferring power from the de Burgos to 14 merchant families or 'tribes' - hence the informal sobriquet 'City of the Tribes', by which Galway is still known. A massive fire in 1473 destroyed much of the town but created space for a new street layout, and many solid stone buildings were erected in the 15th and 16th centuries. It's said that Christopher Columbus tarried in Galway to hear Mass and pray at the Collegiate Church of St Nicholas of Myra.
This Galway side trip supposedly occurred either because one of the crew was a Galway man or because Columbus wished to investigate tales of St Brendan's earlier voyage to the Americas from here. English power throughout the region waxed and waned, but the city maintained its independent status under the ruling merchant families, who were mostly loyal to the English Crown. Galway's population received a boost at the beginning of the 20th century as tourists returned to the city and student numbers grew. In 1934, health and hygiene became top priority and the cobbled streets and thatched cabins of Claddagh - a tiny Galway fishing community with a culture and customs all of its own - were tarred and flattened in the name of progress. Now the Galway once again become the prosperous city, during summer, its street and restaurant hum to the sound of tourists eager to enjoy one of its many festivals and sample the local seafood.
The tourism in Galway reaches its peak during those months which lies at either side of the summer or winter. These months are costlier because the prices increases in summer and many places are shut during winter. If you're planning a trip around the St. Patrick's Day festivities remember to reserve, book, and reserve again to escape the chaos of the celebrations.tR7Z-M-KlRQ
The city has the unpredictably amazing weather conditions. There are chances for rain in small amount. The climate is particularly temperate, with little difference between highs and lows throughout the year. While there are usually a few days of snow in winter it generally averages a bit above 0?C (32?F) during this season. Summers are mild, with averages just below the 20?Cs (high 60?F).
Galway offers an excellent program which was related to concerts, readings, and exhibitions by Irish and Internationalartists, returning, in a way, to a form Lady Gregory would have appreciated. It's easy to understand why this church's nickname is so short and simple, given that its official name is Cathedral of Our Lady Assumed into Heaven and St. Nicholas. Its walls are fine-cut limestone from local quarries, and its floors are Connemara marble. It's not particularly old, as it was built in the 1960s. Contemporary Irish artisans designed the statues, stained-glass windows, and mosaics. Galway City Museum.
This little museum offers a fine collection of local documents, photographs, city memorabilia, examples of medieval stonework, and revolving exhibits. Galway Irish Crystal Heritage Centre,. Visitors to this distinctive crystal manufacturer can watch the craftsmen at work; blowing, shaping, and hand-cutting the glassware -- then go shop for the perfect pieces to take back home. Glass-making demonstrations are continuous on weekdays. The shop and restaurant are open daily.
The city have the late night enjoys. The gathering started after the 11 pm and the night's celebration continues till 2 am. For those, who are the dancing fan must keep in mind, the Alley, William St. Upper, which attracts an over-20's crowd with its laid vibe. Zulu's Bar, Raven's Terrace, is Galway's first exclusively gay bar. Fridays and Saturdays are gay nights. In nearby Salthill, new dance clubs with hot guest DJs are popping up all the time. Two reliably good options are Vagabond, with its big dance floor and giant video screen, and the smaller Liquid. During summer, the splendid 16th centuries Castle, Dunguaire, half hour drive from Gayway in the Medieval Banquet, where you van attend the medieval banquet with a show featuring works by Irish writers like Synge, Yeats, and Gogarty. Dunguaire is in south County Galway on the Ballyvaughan road (N67), near Kinvara, approximately 26km (16 miles) from Galway. The castle is open to visitors daily from 9:30am to 5pm, after which there are two banquet seatings - one at 5:30pm and one at 8:45pm.
The city is the most prosperous cities of Ireland with population more than 69,000 containing mostly the artists. The city is the unofficial capital of many artists, writers, with live art scene. In every summer, there held an excellent art festival of Galway, which is the most accessible fests in Europe. The exterior is watched over by hideous gargoyles, impressive coats of arms, and other decorative stonework. In the centre of town, on Shop Street, is Lynch's Castle, dating from 1490 and renovated in the 19th century. It's the oldest Irish medieval town house used daily for commercial purposes (it's now a branch of the Allied Irish Bank). The Spanish Arch was one of four arches built in 1594, and the Spanish Parade is a small open square. Local legend has it that Christopher Columbus attended mass at Galway's St. Nicholas Collegiate Church before setting sail for the New World in 1477.
The hub of the city is a pedestrian park at Eyre Square (pronounced Air Square), officially called the John F. Kennedy Park in commemoration of his visit here in June 1963, a few months before his assassination. From Eyre Square, it's a minute's walk to the medieval quarter with its festive, Left Bank atmosphere. Here it is clear that, despite Galway's population boom, the city core remains strikingly unchanged from the Middle Ages. Galway (Gaillimh) is the administrative capital of County Galway. Its university attracts a notable bohemian crowd, and its boisterous night-life and festivals fill the streets to bursting. Galway is also a departure point for the rugged Aran Islands.