The city of Pisa has a long dated history which goes back before the birth of Christ. However, as a city, Pisa started to develop in real terms in the Roman era. The main reason due to which so much importance was given to its development was also due to the fact that Pisa was one of the major coastal town and was an important Roman port. This is the reason for Pisa being so popular as a commercial port in the medieval times. There are many signs of the different ages left in Pisa in the form of historic sites, which you can best explore with Car Rental Pisa
Pisa has always been a very important city in terms of seamanship. Even till this day, Pisa remains one of the major centres for shipyards in all of Italy. In the early middle ages, Pisa used to be one of the Maritime Republics and it was a time when Pisa enjoyed much wealth and victories. At that time the city had colonies and also had commercial basis all over the coasts of the Mediterranean.
Starting from the thirteenth century, the decline of the Maritime Republic started and the city lost its power and influence and this continued, while Pisa continued to suffer revolts and battles. In 1406, Pisa was occupied by the Florentine army and remained under its control. This remained the case until 1861 until when the Italian state was created. Historians believe Pisa pre-dates the 5th Century BC and became a Roman colony in 180 BC. Unlike much of Italy, Pisa did not see a decline over the late Roman Empire, owing mostly to an intricate river system and its easily defended location. After the 7th Century AD, Pisa continued to grow in importance, becoming the main port for trade between Corsica, Sardinia, Southern France and Spain, and Tuscany. In 930 AD, Pisa was the county centre. During the 9th Century, heavy pirate influence cause Pisa to attack North Africa and fought in defence of Salerno. Pisa peaked in importance in the 11th century as a crucial shipping and military stronghold, engaging in a number of battles for the Byzantine Empire. In the 12th Century, the city threw support behind the Ghibelline party, which saw to that Pisa gained even more power in trade. Pisa began to decline in the 13th century when the Battle of Meloria saw the Genoese defeat of Pisa. With severe losses from the war and the spread of malaria, the city did not recover. Florentine troops captured Pisa in 1509 and lost its role as the major port city. Pisa also saw heavy, repeated destruction during World War II. Pisa remains a railway hub and light industrial centre to this day, and the University of Pisa keeps the city fresh with those looking to study.
Historians believe Pisa pre-dates the 5th Century BC and became a Roman colony in 180 BC. Unlike much of Italy, Pisa did not see a decline over the late Roman Empire, owing mostly to an intricate river system and its easily defended location. After the 7th Century AD, Pisa continued to grow in importance, becoming the main port for trade between Corsica, Sardinia, Southern France and Spain, and Tuscany. In 930 AD, Pisa was the county centre. During the 9th Century, heavy pirate influence cause Pisa to attack North Africa and fought in defence of Salerno. Pisa peaked in importance in the 11th century as a crucial shipping and military stronghold, engaging in a number of battles for the Byzantine Empire. In the 12th Century, the city threw support behind the Ghibelline party, which saw to that Pisa gained even more power in trade. Pisa began to decline in the 13th century when the Battle of Meloria saw the Genoese defeat of Pisa. With severe losses from the war and the spread of malaria, the city did not recover. Florentine troops captured Pisa in 1509 and lost its role as the major port city. Pisa also saw heavy, repeated destruction during World War II. Pisa remains a railway hub and light industrial centre to this day, and the University of Pisa keeps the city fresh with those looking to study.Weather of Pisa
Although each season of the year has something special about it in Pisa, but the city is very pleasant in terms of weather all year round. The best time to visit Pisa, however, is considered to be the spring season and also autumn. The days are warm, sunny and bright. This is considered to be the best time also because the countryside of Tuscany is perfect during the season. The evenings are relatively cooler than the days.
If you can deal with a little heat, then summer is the best time for some idyllic al fresco dining, an experience that you are likely to remember for the rest of your life. The summers are mostly dry in Pisa. However, the sights still remain touristy. Usually people prefer to walk in the city, considering that the city is rather compact.
The best time to visit Pisa is during the summers, as the temperature varies between 18 ? 30 degree C.
If you are planning to take a break and go to Pisa for holidays, there are many alternatives you can consider for getting there. The city holds many secrets, which it appeals you to explore during your stay. There are different ways for arriving in Pisa, depending upon where you are coming from and what your travel Budget is.City Transport
The transport networks in Pisa can prove to be very useful if you are staying outside the city’s four quarters. The bus network in the city is the most efficient and lets you travel across the city. Other than that a rail link also exists between the city’s central station and the minor station. Considering that Pisa is a rather compact city, there is seldom any need to use the train to get around the city. However, the fact that there is a rail link available to the airport makes things quite easy.
The rail comes in very handy when you want to go to another city. The tickets for the train are available from the station and also from the airport. There are several routes for the bus in Pisa. There is one that runs between the airport, central station and the Field of Miracles. The bus keeps a schedule for the various routes and the tickets have to be bought prior from boarding the bus.
One of the most famous sights in Pisa is the Leaning Tower. However, there is so much more to see than this iconic image, including two other leaning towers, the Bell Tower of San Nicola Church and the Bell Tower of San Michele of Scalzi Church. The Piazza dei Miracoli (Field of Miracles) is not only home to Pisa's famed Leaning Tower but houses the Duomo di Pisa (Cathedral of Pisa), Battistero (Baptistery), and the Campo Santo Monumentale cemetery as well. Also on site are two museums: Museo Del Opera del Duomo is filled with sculptures and paintings of historical importance, and the Museo delle Sinope is full of artistic gems that survived World War II.
The town square of Piazza dei Cavalieri is known for its historical buildings. Located here is the Palazzo delle Carovana, Palazzo dell'Orologio, Palazzo dei Dodici, and the Chiesa di santo Stefano. Located in a central museum location are the ancient artworks from all the churches around Pisa. These are found at the Museo di San Matteo, located at the San Matteo monastery. This often-overlooked site is home to the biggest collection of Tuscan Renaissance art and is really worth a visit. Four streets of importance sit on the banks of the Arno: Lugarno Mediceo and Lugarno Pacinotti on the north and Lugarno Galilei and Lugarno Gamacorti on the south. Along these roads sit sites such as the Piazza Garibaldi, which along with Piazza XX Settembre flank the Borgo Stretto shopping and pedestrian area, the octagonal-shaped Santo Sepolcro church, La Cittadella fortress, and the lovely gothic Santa Maria della Spina gothic church built in 1230 that houses a thorn from the crown of thorns Jesus wore at his crucifixion.Top Attractions Of Pisa
Pisa, which is popular for its well known for its Leaning Tower, has much more in terms of attractions than just the tower. There are many wonderful structures and there are also museums, which would require good time for exploration. There are many historical buildings and monuments in the city that are likely to capture your attention. The fact that you don?t have a car with you can easily be overcome by car rental Pisa. One of the most popular and historical sites is the Camposanto Monumentale, which was founded in the year 1277 and was completed almost two hundred years later in 1464. It is believed that it contains the holy soil from Palestine. There are vast galleries around the central area. There is also the Jewish Cemetery, which is within the Piazza dei Miracoli and is considered to be the presentation of extraordinary artistic repertoire.
A walk along the river can prove to be a very enlightening and inspiring experience as you can see many different structures with different kinds of architectural styles. While you?re in Pisa, you ought to visit the Campo dei Miracoli, which is one of the most admired and beautiful squares not only in Italy but also in the world. The Duomo is another great attraction, which is like a scenic backdrop and has marble work while the interior has wonderful geometrical designs.
Pisa is located in Tuscany on the bank of the River Arno and coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea. The Mediterranean climate of Pisa makes the city temperate all year-round with temperatures rarely going above 30C in the summer or dipping below 1C at its very coldest. The city has a Luminaria festival in June on San Ranieri Day, which is breathtaking because it involves over 10,000 candles being lit. There are two health-inducing spas located at Pisa. The thermal waters of the Casciana Terne have been used for rehabilitation, treatments, and relaxation since ancient times. The calciferous magnesia sulphate water of the San Guiliano Terne, located at the foot of the Mount San Guiliano is known for its health benefits. There are two baths in San Guiliano, the East Baths, which run around 38C and the West Baths, which runs around 40C.
Florence and Lucca are both accessible by train. These are definitely worth a look while on holiday in Tuscany. Also nearby is the village of Calci. This medieval village sits in the Pisan Mountains and has a Museum of Natural History and Charterhouse, among other great sites seeped in history. Furthermore, while in Pisa, it is a nice idea to tour the University of Pisa, which is one of the oldest universities in Italy. The University has been hosting lectures since the 11th Century, though it officially was not founded until 1343. The Orto Botanico di Pisa is the oldest botanical garden in Europe, founded in 1544, and is also on the premises of University of Pisa.Eating in Pisa
Just like the city itself, the food offered here is diverse and the experience of eating out in Pisa would be delightful. Various parts of the city are dotted with places to eat and there are different kinds of cuisines offered along with local Italian cuisine. Different restaurants offer a different kind of ambience, hence making dining in the city full of options and diversity.
Tuscany cuisine is more often than not both simple and fresh. Bread, cheese, legumes, and fruit and vegetables are central to Tuscan food. One of the most popular dishes in Tuscan dining is the ribollita, a peasant-style soup. In October, white truffles become available. The area is also home to great beef. The traditional Florentine steak is cut from Chianina cattle, native to the Chiana Valley. Pork is also produced in the region, as is an abundance of wild game ranging from hares and pheasants to boars and a number of types of deer. These meats are often incorporated into a pappardelle (wide fettuccini noodle) dish.
Popular traditional desserts include panforte, a fruitcake made with local honey, fruit, and nuts, riciarelli almond biscuits, and cavallucci almost cookies with fruit and flavoured with honey and coriander. Central Pisa has a number of very good and inexpensive restaurants most notably on the Via San Martino and in the Piazza delle Vettovaglie vegetable market. Eating near the Leaning Tower is not advised, as most of the eateries in the area are overpriced. Summer nights, the river banks are hopping with crowds drinking from the many local bars. As Tuscany is known for wine, most notably Chianti wine, the several wine bars around Pisa are great for sipping a glass of wine and enjoying the mild climate.Pisa Nightlife
The most prominent part of the nightlife in Pisa is the students, who mostly keep it alive with their activities. If you want to get your evening started, then the best place to go to is the bars around Piazza Garibaldi, where most people go for a vibrant, lively night out.
The riverbanks are where to be on hot summer nights in Pisa. The abundance of students in the city lends to a steady night-life, though Pisa is not heralded as a party city. For a Budget -minded evening in Pisa, consider the Lungarni district and the streets surrounding the Piazza Garibaldi. These inexpensive bars are often full of friendly faces and a younger student-type crowd. On Borgo Street, you will find more up-scale bars and restaurants. The caf?s on this street tend to be more chic and are a great starting point for a night out along the river bank. Up-scale nightclubs and bars are also found on the Piazza Cairoli, and these tend to have a larger amount of locals. If you are looking for a proper party, you will be able to find such later in the evenings when many of the pubs in the area turn into mini dance clubs. Usually, to find a good party spot all one needs to do is ask. Be aware though, that nights in Pisa do not tend to drag on as with other European holiday destinations. Therefore, be prepared for the club or bar you are visiting to call last orders around one or two am. If you are still desperate for night-life, try the next town over, Viareggio, for it is known to have a more vibrant night-life scene.Shopping in Pisa
In a city like Pisa, which has a historic and architectural splendour, you would find that there are also a lot of shopping opportunities available and you get some amazing things that you would not be able to resist buying. One of the most popular places for one to shop as well as stroll in Pisa is the Borgo Street, which has a lot of shops and cafes in a line. Some people may find the items to be expensive. However, the real charm is that the stroll is enjoyable and so are the sights and you can just enjoy some window-shopping if you’re tight on the Budget .
There are two major shopping areas of Pisa. The Corso Italia is not only the High Street of Pisa, having some of the best bargains in the city, but is also one of the busiest areas. The north bridge Via Borgo Stretto is home to some of the more well-known and pricier shops. Beware of shopping near highly tourist places such as the Leaning Tower. These areas are full of kiosks and stands selling a variety of gifts and goods that are predictably designed with the tower as a centre. There is a bit of haggling that takes place in this area, especially with the unpopular flying merchants, which are not highly regarded by local shop owners. To shop for inexpensive old furniture or antiques, try shopping the Fiera dell'Antiquaries e Artigianato Artistico (antique and craft fair). This fair is held on the second Saturday and Sunday of the month, excluding the hot months of July and August. On weekdays, visit the Mercato delle Vettovaglie, a fruit and vegetable market that is located in the Piazza de Vettovaglie and is over one hundred years old.Disable Visitors
Pisa is a fabulous city for you to visit. Even if you have a disability or have responsibility of someone with a disability, then you need not be resistant to taking a holiday and going to Pisa. This is because the city is great and welcoming and the people have compassion to help each other.
There are various especially designed facilities for the visitors who have reduced mobility. These facilities are there from the airport to the hotels and other sites. The airlines have special facilities for the disabled so that they can feel comfortable throughout their flight. Other than that the airport also has special bays and parking lots for the disabled so that they don’t experience any kind of inconvenience. The trains and railways stations also offer special amenities to assure that the journey is not unpleasant in any way.
When travelling to Pisa, it is vital to look into accessibility of lodging before making a hotel reservation if you have a person with reduced mobility. There is a good number of hotels and villas that cater to disabled guests. Be sure you let the hotel know you are in need of such facilities before booking your room, so they may reserve the appropriate room type for your holiday. Galileo Galilei Airport caters to persons with reduced mobility. The airport is in compliance with the European regulations pertaining to the accessibility to and assistance of persons with disability or reduced mobility. Holiday travellers with mobility issues should first notify their airline of special needs at the time of reservation. Once at the airport, travellers are asked to inform the airport via a designated call point. These are located outside the main areas of the airport for travellers as well as near the exits and entrances of the Terminal s, near the bus Terminal , and at the taxi stand. Once telephoned, an airport employee will attend to the person with reduced mobility. Assistance can include but is not limited to: check-in assistance, security assistance, inter-airport travel, and baggage assistance.
The car park has designated spots for disabled parking, and these are located nearer to the Terminal entrances. Pisa (Galileo Galilei) Airport also has disabled rest-room facilities, handrails and lifts, wheelchairs to borrow if necessary, specifically reserved seats within the Terminal for persons with reduced mobility, and ramps to make the airport easily accessible to all guests.
If you are looking for great accommodation during your holiday to the city of the Leaning Tower, then you can be content because in Pisa you can find some of the best of Italy hotels. There are five star hotels and also ones, which offer impeccable service and yet are not too expensive. Accommodation is also available in the form of apartments and villas, which can be rented for holidays. Online reservation is also offered for many hotels to make your life a lot easier.
The best Pisa hotel, which offers great service and facilities, is the Relais dell'Orologio Hotel Pisa, which is located in the popular Leaning Tower area. So if you want to treat yourself and want to love near to all the beautiful sites, you can get accommodation here. If you are thinking of getting accommodation in the surroundings, then the Bagni Di Pisa Natural Spa Resort Hotel San Giuliano Terme is a good option and among the very best in the city. For those who want to experience a little coutryside flavour, there isa the Orchidea Bed & Breakfast & Apartment Pisa.
With such great sites and beauty, it was no wonder that Pisa was once the favourite of famous poets like Shelly and Browning.The City of Pisa
The city of the Leaning Tower stands in all its ancient splendour, inviting and appealing to be explored. The main reason for the city being so famous is that it has the leaning tower and it is like an emblem for the city. However, the city has some very historic monuments, which are among the best in the field of miracles.Useful Contact numbers
When you plan a holiday to Pisa, among the many other arrangements that you need to make, there are also some numbers that you need to be aware to be ready for any problem or emergency that may arise while you are staying there. If you do not already have a number that you require, you can obtain it from the phone directory assistance at 12. For emergency police help, you can dial 113, while the number for the fire department is 115.