Rouen is the current capital of Haute-Normandie (Upper Normandy) and has historically been the capital of the Normandy Region of northern France. It was one of the most affluent cities in Medieval times due to its location along the River Seine and proximity to the French coast. Its roots date back to before the Roman Empire times when the Gauls controlled the area. It is also the city where Joan of Arc was burned at the stake.
Rouen is also known for its culture. Its most notable building is the Notre Dame Cathedral. The cathedral dates back to the late 4th century. Inside the cathedral is the tomb of Richard the Lion Heart containing his heart. There is also the Mus?e des Beaux-Arts de Rouen which contains works of Claude Monet. Rouen is also the birthplace of writer Gustave Flaubert. You will also want to visit the Le Gros Horloge (The Big Clock). Climbing to the top rewards you with a magnificent view of the city and surrounding area. Another area of interest is the well-known botanical garden Jardin des Plantes de Rouen.
Over its history, Rouen has also had its share of troubles. As it was a major city, it was subject to being conquered and occupied. First were the Romans during their conquering of Gaul. Later there was a series of conquests by England which included the Hundred Years War. Rouen has also been nearly destroyed by fire several times including major fires during the 13th and 14th centuries. During World War II it was occupied by the Germans and severely damaged by Allied bombings. During the Battle of Normandy, the main cathedral was partially damaged.
Getting to Rouen is very easy. It has its own airport and is also serviced by train and boat. You can also get there by using car hire in Rouen services. At both the airport and within the city you can hire a car from Hertz, Argus Carhire, or Carhire 3000. Visit tripindicator.com to get a comparative price list of available cars at either the city or airport. Once you arrive, enjoy your stay.