Throughout the long history of Spain, Salamanca has been a protagonist of most significant historical events. Pre-Roman remains can be found in Teso de San Vicente, beside the river Tormes. In the Verraco situated in the centre of the Roman bridge. The University of Salamanca was founded by Alfonso IX in 12th century and owes its prosperity and renown to this king. The new University soon received great favours from Fernando el Santo and Alfonso X el Sabio who established the number and type of chairs the University was to be composed of. The 15th century was a period of agitation in Salamanca as it was in the rest of Spain. There was bitter fighting between the supporters of D. Alvaro de Luna and the Infantes of Aragon. Felipse III and his wife Margaret of Austria revisited the city in 1600. The city took part in the successive period on behalf of Felipe V. Salamanca was badly affected by the Peninsula War. From 1808 to 1811 it was open to the armies who disputed the hegemony of Europe on Spanish soil. At last, the battle of Arapiles, at the very gates of the city and in which Wellington defeated Napoleon's army, led to the withdrawal of the latter from Spanish territory. The city is left in the field of art with most worthy and exquisite work of all styles. The Spanish plateresque style offers its most beautiful example of its decorative quality and fine execution. This decorative tendency of the Plateresque style finds of a beautiful golden colour.
The Salamanca has the fine spring and fall and it is the ideal time for the visitors. The summer is good options with the average temperature of 25-30 and can be reached at 40 degree. Winters are quite cold with sunny day temperature of 7 degree and the weather doesn't get freeze.Ptl7UFKrhEQ
The weather in Salamanca has good mood throughout the year. The summers have the good warm weather with an average temperature of 25 to 30 degree. The temperature never goes higher than 40 degree, but it is more usually no higher than 35 degrees. In July and August you won't want to be far from a pool, river or a cool drink. Spring and autumn are good times to visit Salamanca. The weather is generally reliably warm (about 20 degrees as a rough indication) and sunny. Salamanca enjoys a lot of sun and very little rain (except in the North - not on the plain, as the song wrongly says). Winter have effects from November to March, it's very but never gets freezing weather. A good sunny day in winter has average 7 degree C.
Three daily trains arrive to Paseo de la Estacion de Ferrocarril, which is at the north east of the town centre. All train comes directly from the north station of Madrid. Salamanca is connected through the frequent rail services from Avila, Ciudad Rodrigo, and Valladolid. Frequent bus services connect Salamanca to Madrid. Salamanca's bus Terminal is at Av. Filiberto Villalobos 71, north-west of the centre of town. There are also buses to Salamanca from Avila, Zamora, Valladolid, Leon, and Coceres (2-13 per day, depending on the point of departure). Salamanca isn't on a National highway, but a good network of roads converges there from such nearby cities as Avila, Valladolid, and Ciudad Rodrigo. One of the most heavily trafficked highways is the N-620, leading into Salamanca from both Barcelona and Portugal. From Madrid, take the N-VI north-west, forking off to Salamanca on the N-501.
Catedral Vieja (Old Cathedral), this old cathedral is the fine example of the Spanish Romanesque version dated of 1140. Its simplicity provides a dramatic contrast to the ornamentation of its younger but bigger counterpart. In the main apsidal chapel is an altarpiece painted by Nicholas of Florence in the mid-15th century, consisting of 53 different beautifully decorated compartments. Casa Museo Unamuno is that place where the poet and philosopher Miguel de Unamuno lived from 1900 to 1914 in this 18th-century. He wrote many of the books here that made him famous. The new cathedral, Catedral Nueva dated back 1513 took 200 year to complete, is the fine example of many styles. It's classified as late Gothic, but you'll see baroque and Plateresque features as well.
A former Mudejar palace of a court official and one of the most popular sights of the Salamanca includes the Convento de las Duenas. The cloisters date from the 16th century, and are, in the opinion of some architectural critics, the most beautiful in Salamanca. Museo Art Nouveau-Art Deco, This museum contains more than 1,500 pieces. From the late 19th century to the 1930s, the collection includes bronze and marble figurines, jewelry, furniture, paintings, and a collection of some 300 porcelain dolls. The fine example of the Spanish Platersque Style can be seen in museo de Salamanca. This building had constructed in the late 15th century by the Queen Isabella's physician and located near the university.
Salamanca doesn’t have with variety of night-life. This small town can be compared with a university town with an emphasis on undergraduate shenanigans. The best bet strolled around the Plaza mayor; there you can have caf?s and bars that lend themselves to lingering or loitering, depending on your point of view. Usually a group of singing tuna dressed in medieval costumes perform for free nightly at 10pm, although these students appreciate tips. You might also wander onto such neighbouring medieval streets as the Calle de Bordadores, Calle San Vicente, Calle Rua Mayor, and Calle Varillas, any of which offer tucked away spots for a quick caffeine or alcohol fix.
There are two particularly noted discos in Salamanca, Disco Morgana, Calle Iscar Peira and its better and more historic competitor, Camelot. The latter occupies a stone monastery whose occupants 400 years ago would undoubtedly have been horrified at the goings-on within these premises that long ago echoed only with prayer and plainsong. And for a more modern spin on Salamanca's nightlife, head for the Pub Rojo Negro Calle Espoz, Mina 22, where karaoke is interspersed with chatter, wine, whiskey, and foaming mugs of Spanish beer.
The city of Salamanca, mostly famous for its university foundation by the Alfonso IX in 1200, located at the north west of Madrid and east of Portugal. The city's preserved, turreted places, faded convents, Romanesque churches, and colleges has attracted scholar from all over the Europe. The city is large enough (180.000 inhabitants) to be able to offer the advantages of a real city, but at the same time it keeps the intimacy of a village. In Salamanca, the inhabitants speak the purest Spanish in Spain - Castilian. For this reason Salamanca is enormously popular with people all over the world who want to learn Spanish. In its day, Salamanca was ranked with Oxford, Paris, and Bologna as one of "the four leading lights of the medieval world. Its intellectual life continues to this day, and a large invasion of American students adds to it in summer. The city's population has swelled to 180,000, but a provincial aura lingers.