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Vienna has a very interesting history a valley name Danube in 1906 discovery of the 25,000-year-old fertility statuette known as the Venus of Willendorf. Celtic settlements had been established in the vicinity some 500 years before the Romans turned up around AD 9 to construct a military camp called Vindobona. The fort was built smack bang in the middle of today's Innere Stadt, within a square bordered by Graben, Tiefer Graben, Ruprechtskirche and Rotenturmstrasse. The Romans withdrew in the early 5th century, leaving the strategic east-west crossroads to be fought over by successive waves of migrating tribes and armies.
In the 16th- and 17th-centuries, Vienna faced several external threats to its security. The Imperial nose was severely put out of joint by the Napoleonic occupations of 1805 and 1809: the Habsburg emperor was forced to give up the German crown and title of Holy Roman Emperor, and the battle with Napoleon left Vienna precariously poised on the brink of bankruptcy. The capital regained some of its pride with the Congress of Vienna in 1814-15.The 20th-century brought a diminution of Vienna's glory. Growing political tensions between the city's socialist climate and the increasingly conservative federal government culminated in the establishment of an authoritarian regime in 1933.Vienna's Habsburg facade is rigorously maintained - although the last ruling Habsburg passed away in 1989 - but the city is increasingly forward-looking. The 1990s were a difficult time for Austria. In 1993 Chancellor Franz Vanitsky publicly admitted that Austrians had been 'willing servants of Nazism'.
When to go Vienna
All the time visitors can come here and enjoy the weather January's chill, and July and August's heat - you won't be able to see the Lipizzaners and the Boys' Choir in those summer months anyway. June and September are particularly good times to visit, though you'll find that everyone else thinks so too, making things somewhat busy. As always, it's a good idea to opt for the less-crowded spring/autumn shoulder months of April-May and October-November.G-M_A0xNRVs
Weather of Vienna is very nice. Austria is situated the central European climatic zone, though the eastern part of the country where Vienna is situated has a Continental Pannonian climate, characterized by a temperatures in July of above 19°C (66°F) and annual rainfall usually under 800mm.July and August can be very hot and winter is surprisingly cold, especially in January. May and August tend to be the wettest months. Damp maritime winds sometimes sweep in from the west, and it is not uncommon for the Fahn, a warm wind from the south, to make its presence felt the entire year.
Easily you can reach Vienna by plane, train and cars. Many airport like Flughafen Wien Schwechat is Vienna's International Airport and is served by over 80 airlines. The state-owned Austrian Airlines and Lauda Air, another home-grown airline, are the country's main carriers, with flights to the USA, Asia, and Australia and within Europe. There's regular bus service between the airport and the City Air Terminal , adjacent to the Vienna Hilton and directly across from the Wien Mitte/Landstrasse rail station, where you can easily connect with subway and tramlines. Vienna is Central Europe's main rail hub, so connections to other major European destinations are good. Vienna has four principal rail stations with frequent connections to all Austrian cities and towns and to all major European centers, Westbahnhof, Sadbahnhof, Franz-Josef Bahnhof, and Wien Mitte.
The City Bus Terminal is at the Wien Mitte rail station, Landstrasser Hauptstrasse 1. This is the arrival depot for Post and Bundesbuses from points all over the country, as well as the arrival point for private buses from various European cities. All major border crossings are open 24 hours and there are no controls between Germany and Italy thanks to the EU Schengen Agreement.
Best locations Vienna
Vienna is a very historical place whole year tourist come and enjoy. Asia begins at Landstrasse," Austria's renowned statesman Prince von Metternich said, suggesting the power and influence of the far-flung Austrian Empire, whose destiny the Habsburg dynasty controlled from 1273 to 1918.Viennese prosperity under the Habsburgs reached its peak under the long reign of Maria Theresa in the late 18th century. Many of the sights originated under the great empress who escorted Vienna through the Age of Enlightenment. She welcomed Mozart, the child prodigy, to her court at Schonbrunn when he was just 6 years old.
With the collapse of the Napoleonic Empire, Vienna took over Paris's long-held position as "the center of Europe." At the Congress of Vienna (1814-15), the crowned heads of Europe met to restructure the continent's political boundaries. But they devoted so much time to galas that Prince de Ligne remarked, "The Congress doesn't make progress, it dances."
Vienna is a very interesting place for night-outs, many pubs, club are there for enjoy whole night. Viennese nightlife offers something for everyone. An unceasing programme of classical music dominates the Viennese streets, but there are a growing number of nightclubs and comfortable bars. The best area for carousing is near the Danube Canal: dubbed the 'Bermuda Triangle', it's a place to forget the outside world. Students under 27 with valid IDs are eligible for many discounts. Vienna is the home of four major symphony orchestras, including the world-acclaimed Vienna Symphony and the Vienna Philharmonic. The closest U-Bahn stop is Schwedenplatz. You'll find everything from intimate watering holes to large bars with live music.
City of destination Vienna
City of music, cafes, waltzes, parks, pastries, and wine -- that's Vienna. Vienna is a true cosmopolitan center, where different tribes and nationalities have for centuries fused their cultural identities to produce the intriguing and, often cynical, Viennese. Monumental edifices line the city centre, world-class museums burst with treasures, white stallions strut their way down mirrored halls, and renowned orchestras and angelic choirboys perform in lAvish concert halls .Vienna has plenty of lower-brow pleasures too - walks in the woods, splish-splashing high jinks on the river, and slap-up indulgent evenings in its renowned wine taverns. If you can't find something to please you in this generous, opulent, open-armed city, you're ready for the grave.
From the time the Romans selected a Celtic settlement on the Danube River as one of their most important central European forts, "Vindobona," the city we now know as Vienna, has played a vital role in European history. Austria grew up around the city and developed into a mighty empire. The capital became a showplace during the tumultuous reign of the Habsburg dynasty, whose court was a dazzling spectacle. Music, art, literature, theater, architecture, education, food, and drink are all part of Vienna's allure. We'll show you the brilliance this city has to offer.
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